Tag: Blockchain

IEEE 2144.1-2020

A framework of blockchain-based Internet of Things (IoT ) data management is defined in this standard. It identifies the common building blocks of the framework that blockchain enabled during IoT data lifecycle including data acquisition, processing, storage, analyzing, usage/exchange and obsoletion, and the interactions among these building blocks.

IEEE 2142.1-2021

Described in this standard is the blockchain-based application reference architecture of e-invoice business, including roles of participants, typical business scenarios, platform frameworks, and security requirements.

IEEE 2140.1-2020

Self-discipline and professional ethics of cryptocurrency exchange platforms, as well as relevance between them and to cryptocurrency wallets are covered in this standard. Exchange business logic, operational procedures, user authentication programs are also covered in this standard. In addition, a small but necessary technical category of requirements, including terminologies, basic architectural framework, key indicators, end-user interface specifications, in order to achieve the previously mentioned goals is covered in this standard.

IEEE 2140.2-2021

In this standard requirements are defined for multiple aspects of security management for customer cryptographic assets on cryptocurrency exchanges, such as user identification using multi-factor authentication, prioritized protection of customer assets under unforeseen circumstances, and professional ethics of operation for cryptocurrency exchange platforms.

IEEE 2140.5-2020

A framework of a custodian service for cryptocurrency and token assets is defined in this standard. Custodian reference technical architecture, business logic description, custodian service business models, digital asset evaluation criteria, operational procedure models, and regulatory requirement support models are included in this framework.

IEEE 2143.1-2020

Defined in this standard is the general process of cryptocurrency payment between consumers and merchants. This process describes how a consumer purchases goods or services with cryptocurrency and how the merchant receives fiat money in return. It involves multiple aspects such as cryptocurrency payment operators playing an agent role, consumers owning cryptocurrency, merchant accessing to a cryptocurrency payment platform, banks, and cryptocurrency exchanges.

IEEE 2418.7-2021

This standard defines a baseline architectural framework and defines functional roles for blockchain-driven supply chain finance (SCF) implementations, e.g., core enterprise, supplier, bank, blockchain platform provider, and so on. The procedures of registration, asset issuance, asset transfer, financing based on asset on chain, asset clearing and settlement, and asset tracing, are explained. Finally, the technique requirement of the business system, and blockchain platform are discussed.

IEEE 2418.2-2020

Data format requirements for blockchain systems are established in this standard. This standard addresses data structures, data types, and data elements.


This guide describes the processes used in the conversion of physical assets to NFTs, the lifecycle management process of NFT derivatives, and the interaction and display modes of NFTs in the real world. Specifically it includes the generation, issuance, exchange, rights confirmation, system interaction and display process of NFTs.

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